16-year-old Prasoon has intellectual disability. He does extremely poorly in school and is a below-average student. On top of that, he also is a loner, doesn’t have friends, doesn’t maintain hygiene, and lacks social skills. This type of developmental disorder originates before age 18 and is characterized by limitations in both intellectual functioning and adaptive behaviours.
Limitations to intellectual functioning are often identified through the use of IQ tests, with an IQ score under 70 often indicating the presence of a limitation. Adaptive behaviours are those that involve practical, everyday skills such as self-care, social interaction, and living skills.
What is Intellectual development disorder?
Intellectual development disorder, also known as intellectual disability (ID), is a condition that affects a person's ability to think, learn, and problem-solve. People with ID have significant limitations in their intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior, which covers a range of everyday social and practical skills. ID can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, prenatal exposure to drugs or alcohol, and health conditions such as infections or neurological problems.
The severity of ID can range from mild to severe, and it can be diagnosed at any age. Children with ID may have delays in reaching milestones such as sitting up, crawling, walking, talking, and playing with others. They may also have difficulty with self-care tasks and may need assistance with activities of daily living.
If you suspect that your child has ID, it is important to speak with your child's doctor or a developmental pediatrician. They will be able to assess your child's development and determine the appropriate course of treatment. This may include therapies or interventions to help your child reach their full potential and improve their quality of life.
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