Substance Use and Addictive Disorders

Alcohol, cocaine, methamphetamine, opioids, and other substances can all be abused, leading to substance-related disorders.

These diseases may involve drug-induced situations, such as intoxication, withdrawal, or the onset of delirium, anxiety, or psychosis, which can lead to a variety of linked diagnoses. Substance-related disorders include, for example:

  • Alcohol-related disorders: These are caused by drinking alcohol, which is one of the drugs most commonly used in the US.

  • Cannabis-related disorders: These conditions are characterized by symptoms like consuming more marijuana than one wanted to, feeling unable to quit, and persisting in marijuana use despite negative consequences in one's life.

  • Inhalant-use disorders: These are caused by breathing in fumes from paints and solvents, among other substances. People with this disorder have desires for the substance and struggle to control or stop their activity, just like those with other substance-related disorders.

  • Stimulant use disorder: This condition is characterized by the use of stimulants like cocaine, amphetamines, and meth.

  • Tobacco use disorder: This condition is typified by symptoms like overindulging in tobacco use, having trouble cutting down or stopping, cravings, and suffering negative social repercussions from tobacco use.

  • Gambling Disorder: This category in the DSM-5 also covers gambling disorder. The American Psychiatric Association states that this modification "reflects the increasing and consistent evidence that some behaviors, such as gambling, activate the brain reward system with effects similar to Gambling disorder symptoms resemble those of drug abuse disorders.

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